Allais, Maurice

(1911- )
   economist
   A neoliberal economist, Maurice Allais was born in paris, where he studied at the École polytechnique and at the École nationale supérieure des Mines. He joined the state mine administration in 1937 and became a professor at the École nationale des mines in 1944. Later appointed director of research at the National French Research Council, he was named an officer of the legion of honor in 1977. In 1988 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economic science for his contribution to the study of markets and the effective use of resources. He was the first French citizen to receive the prize in that category. His work is considered to have helped improve the economic and social efficiency of state-run monopolies, which largely developed in western Europe after World War II. Allais demonstrated that, even with a monopoly, optimum prices could be found that would be socially efficient. His principle that price, rather than state regulation, should guide the planning of state monopolies became essential to the running of such institutions. Even after the 1980s trend towards privatization, his work continued to be applied to such private and monopolistic public-service enterprises as the English Channel tunnel project. Allais's work has now gained wide international recognition.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allais, Maurice — ▪ French economist born May 31, 1911, Paris, France       French economist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1988 for his development of principles to guide efficient pricing (price) and resource allocation (allocation of… …   Universalium

  • Allais, Maurice — ► (n. 1911) Economista francés. Fue premio Nobel de Economía en 1988 por sus trabajos sobre teoría de mercados y planificación pública …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Allais — Allais, Maurice …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurice Allais — Walrasian economics Born 31 May 1911(1911 05 31) Paris …   Wikipedia

  • ALLAIS (M.) — ALLAIS MAURICE (1911 ) Né le 31 mai 1911 dans une modeste famille de crémiers parisiens, rien ne destinait Maurice Allais à devenir le brillant théoricien récompensé par le prix Nobel d’économie en 1988. Major de sa promotion à l’École… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maurice Allais — Maurice Félix Charles Allais [mɔˈʀiːs aˈlɛ] (* 31. Mai 1911 in Paris; † 9. Oktober 2010 Saint Cloud bei Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur und Wirtschaftswis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice Allais — Maurice Allais. Maurice Félix Charles Allais (París, Francia, 31 de mayo de 1911 – París, Francia, 9 de octubre de 2010[1] ) fue un economist …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maurice Allais — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allais. Maurice Félix Charles Allais Maurice Félix Charles Allais en 2001 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Allais — ist der Familienname mehrerer Personen: Alphonse Allais (1854–1905), französischer Schriftsteller und Humorist Émile Allais (* 1912), französischer Skirennfahrer Maurice Allais (1911 2010), französischer Ingenieur und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice (Vorname) — Maurice ist ein männlicher Vorname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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